What is controlled wood?

“ Controlled wood ” means wood or timber products of known origin and not derived from sources considered unacceptable by the Forest Stewardship Council ® (FSC®). The wood categories regarded as unacceptable sources are:

  • wood from illegal harvesting;
  • wood harvested in violation of civil or traditional rights;
  • wood from forests where high conservation values ​​are threatened by management activities;
  • wood from natural forests transformed by conversion into plantations or lands for other uses;
  • wood coming from forests where genetically modified trees are planted.

The necessary requirements to avoid the inclusion of wood materials from sources considered unacceptable in the chain of custody of certified products are regulated by the new Controlled Wood Standard FSC-STD-40-005, which entered into force on 1 July 2016.
The latest version of the standard is FSC-STD-40-005 V3-1, approved in February and published in March, 2017.

The concept of controlled wood has emerged as a market need generated by the fact that certified sources cannot provide enough wood material to meet the needs of the wood processing industry that wants to sell FSC certified products.

Through the information presented on this site, we aim to support a proper implementation of certification systems, by increasing the capacity of companies that purchase Controlled Wood, auditors and forest management units that intend to certify.

NOTE! In case of certification of forest districts or forestry departments according to the controlled wood standard, the provisions of the FSC-STD-30-010 V2-0 standard shall be implemented (FSC Controlled Wood Standard for forest districts).


Through an appropriate implementation of this certification system, the operators in the wood industry not only follow and comply with the legal provisions, thus contributing to the promotion of a responsible forest management, but also generate other benefits that contribute to the sustainable development of local communities:

  • offers the opportunity to express views by stakeholders through a transparent and participatory process (through public consultations and intimation and complaint procedures);
  • promotes, as a whole, responsible forest management alongside the ecological, social and cultural benefits arising of it, and in particular the identification, the protection and the monitoring of High Conservation Values;
  • direct economic benefits and/or access on the certified wood market;
  • instrument for compliance with the legal provisions imposed on “operators” in the wood industry by the European Regulation (Reg. 995/2010);